To be so far . . . and yet so close

Part 1 of Virilio’s book— Open Sky

Critique of technology as we redefine “time”, “space”, “speed”
 

In these chapters Virilio articulates himself with verbosity and jargon. However, he makes a very intuitive critique of technology. Technology is replacing our conception of of physical proximity and this may not be good. What actually is real time?

A great example is facetime or skype. In our current age we have the ability to look at and talk to anyone who has a phone or computer regardless of their “distance” from us. Currently, we see this as quite advantageous.

skype-for-mac

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We Choose What we See

Chapter 2 of Sturken and Cartwright’s book— Viewers Make Meaning

Images are all viewed through paradigms of the viewer and the context

An image can be interpreted in a multitude of ways. This is interpretation is dependent upon many relative factors.

  • images interpellate viewers
  • critical thinking
  • intervisuality—interaction of modes of visuality
  • aesthetics based on taste
  • cultural capital, habitus
  • ideology
  • cultural appropriation

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Images—always tell the truth?

Ch 1 of Sturken & Cartwright’s book— Practices of Looking: An Introduction to Visual Culture

We are inundated with images. Images that we take at face value. Images that manipulate.

Cliches integral to our society—

  • A picture is worth 1000 words
  • What you see is what you get

In our society we consider an image to be synonymous with the truth. A picture captures the actual situation right? What could be better proof of the actual events that transpired than an image?

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Money Corrupting Blogging?

Chapter 6 of Rettberg’s book— Blogging Brands

Blogging for profit—impurity or purity?

Some may argue that blogging has become tainted because of micropatronage, sponsored posts, and advertising on blogs. Others may argue that a mere hobby has been enhanced and revitalized into a legitimate profession. Personally—I agree with both.

When I google popular blogging books. Many of the books are fully focused on blogging for profit.

The two books below are just a few examples.

           16115265                    3176878

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Are Bloggers also Journalists?

Rettberg Chapter 4— “Citizen Journalists?”

Blogging as a person—titled a journalist

Blogging has given everyone a voice and this is amazing. However, how do we distinguish between blogging and journalism? This line has been blurred and maybe is even nonexistent.  Some studies show that readers view blogs as more credible but many bloggers even dispute the notion that a blogger is a journalist.

Blogs seem to tug at emotions and this is emotional appeal is how I believe blogs gain authenticity and credibility. Journalism is enshrouded in a stigma of negative biases. One might consider Fox overly conservative or MSNBC overly liberal. However, a blogger can stand on their own—apart from the overall reputation of an organization.

Readers, in my opinion, can better relate to bloggers because a blogger is just another person with an opinion, not some organization. Bloggers also seem to gain credibility by acknowledging their writing as their personal opinions—but these opinions are free to be adopted by their readers. A blogger often writes an emotional appeal—which is fine since the blogger is just another person.

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Blogging Benefits—Blah, Blah, Blah

Chapter 2 & 3 of Rettberg’s book— Blogging

Proliferation of blogs—how this has occurred and if it is positive
 
benefits of blogging, people always resistant to change, public sphere, less sense of ownership 
 
weak ties, distributed network, linking gains popularity for search engines, privacy issues
 
Resistance to change is human nature, but blogging has become the focal point of a digital revolution.  An interactive revolution in which a public sphere has come to fruition. A revolution which endangers privacy and empowers the people. 

In these chapters Retterberg takes us back through the history of media—all the way to Plato and his resistance to literacy or writing. Humans have always resisted change, often when change was inevitable. Our thought process goes something like—I am used to the old way and it works. Why should I change?

However, change is inevitable and I would contend that it most often affects us positively. The transition from orality to literacy has 6 main positive benefits outlined by Einstein.

  1. Dissemination
  2. Standardization
  3. Reorganization
  4. Data collection
  5. Preservation
  6. Amplification and Reinforcement

These obvious benefits are also seen in blogging and all of digital media. However, the transition to blogging and digital media has it own unique set of benefits. Danah boyd, popular blogger and researcher, outline these.

  1. Persistence
  2. Search-ability
  3. Replicability
  4. Invisible Audiences

Blogging lets everyone have a voice. Anyone who a computer and access to the internet can create blog as well as provide insight on the blogs of others. This new age of digital media has improved from literature because there is less of a sense of ownership in blogs and the internet in general. Blogs are constantly evolving and less like a physical text or literature that may be copyrighted.

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